Han Nu Ngoc Ton (National Institute of Development Administration)
With the aim of ending the extreme poverty, inequality, and climate change by 2030, the world leaders agreed with 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development in September 2015. Gender equality, the 5th Sustainable Development Goal, aims to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Initially, the paper introduced the covering development polices in Vietnam to make gender equality in a reality. Subsequently, the author reviewed the concept of gender equality in Vietnam within different development periods. The author analyzed achievements and challenges on gender equality based on the available descriptive data, concrete examples, concepts and indices of sustainable development. The paper reveals the significant changes on gender equality throughout the achievements on the advancement of women, the efforts on reduction of harmful practices in marriage, the challenges on gender equality in Vietnam. The author realizes that Vietnam has been on the long road to reach its sustainable development goals. However, the gender equality has stood at the second level in sustainable development dashboard. It also indicates the continuous efforts on gender equality from the government, the public and private sectors, as well as the whole country. The further studies enable beyond retrieve on various dimensions of gender equality in the context of Vietnam throughout the author view. The policy makers, politicians and the government enable scrutiny of the current and new approaches to surmount gender equality in tune with the world.
Migrants Entrepreneurship Management and Monitoring in Developing Countries: Is It Effective and Efficient?
Seyed Kamal Vaezi (University of Tehran)
In-pyo Hwang (National Human Resources Development Institute)
Experimental evidences show migrants are more likely than natives to become
entrepreneur in the host country. This trend is true for small and in some cases
medium sized businesses and there for migrants have the potential to help develop
domestic market. The key reasons for this phenomenon include good business intelligence, the need to work harder to keep their position, more competitive and sustainable advantages in their competition, low survival rates for migrants, know well the risk when they are in self-employment, and illegal, informal or unusual activities.
These elements encourage the migrants to be more entrepreneurs. But there is an important question: "How the host country can benefit from this entrepreneurship resource and capability?" In some developing countries a huge group of migrants from different countries are living and working but in many cases the host country cannot manage this human capital effectively.
This proposal is an attempt to prepare a map to answer the following questions: 1) How host countries can discover the entrepreneurship of migrants?, 2) How this opportunity can manage considering beneficiary of both migrants and host country?, and 3) How the host county can organize an entrepreneurship market to exchange
innovations towards two groups?
How People’s Participation is Realized in the Philippine Local Governments: An Empirical Study on the Local Development Council
Kenichi Nishimura (Osaka University)
Since Local Government Code of 1991 was enacted, we have observed various efforts for decentralization in the Philippines. One of the most important elements of this decentralization is to promote people’s participation in local governance. And to realize this, Local Government Code 1991 provides local development council (hereafter, LDC) among others in each local government (hereafter, LGU). LDC, however, is said not have been functioning properly to realize people’s participation in policy process although more and more LGUs had started to enact it. Therefore, this paper provides an overview on the extent of diffusion of LDC in the Philippines utilizing the results of our elite survey entitled “2011 Local Government Survey in the Philippines”, which the principal investigator was Fumio Nagai of Osaka City University.
With the findings from our quantitative analysis, we will see how LDCs are operated in the LGUs and how they contribute to the improvement in the performance of LGUs in the Philippines. For this analysis, we mainly used the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and regression analysis to see the detail of functioning of LDCs and their effects to the promotion of the performance of LGUs.
THEME B: Human Resources and Social Capital for Sustainable Development
Empowering Governance Stakeholders for Quality Public Service