Ensuring multi-stakeholder partnership for the SDGs: Institutional arrangements from the perspective of multi-level governance
Eunju Kim (Korea Institute of Public Administration)
The unique characteristics of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are clearly distinguishable from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). First, it emphasizes ‘universality’ through its imperative, ‘No one left behind’. This applies not only to developing countries, but also to developed countries. It also extensively incorporates economic, social and environmental agendas into 17 goals and 169 targets. Moreover, it requires nation states to set-up multi-stakeholder partnerships as one of the most important means of implementation to achieve ambitious goals. However, this intrinsic nature can lead to fundamental difficulties when it comes to implementation at the national level. There exists an international consensus to set ambiguous goals in order to attract participation from various stakeholders. The SDGs are no exception to this tendency. In a nutshell, ambiguous goals and complex stakeholders make it more difficult to enforce implementation.
In this light, this paper discusses the need of horizontal and vertical coordination for implementation of the SDGs based on literatures of multi-level governance. It will then examine how institutional arrangements can be established in order to engage and coordinate various stakeholders. This paper will suggest policy implications to set-up institutional mechanisms in the Korean context, and introduce recent efforts by policy actors in Korea .The main aim of these discussions is to help policy makers in developing countries implement the SDGs and minimize administrative transaction costs; to engage diverse stakeholders; and to enable policy coordination among multiple stakeholders.
THE ROLE OF FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS DISASTER RISK GOVERNANCE: A CASE STUDY OF MOUNT SINABUNG ERUPTION IN KABUPATEN KARO
Asima Siahaan (University of North Sumatra)
This article explores the role of church by analyzing its role in dealing and addressing disaster due to Mount Sinabung eruption in Karo Regency. Despite the centrality of religious teachings and institutions in the life of the larger part of communities in Karo, religion and its institutions have been neglected in discussion of disaster management in Karo. The role of faith-based institutions including the church has yet to be well explored and documented in the development and disaster studies. The main purpose of this article is to examine the role of church in dealing with disaster. It also aims at exploring the the contributions of church and their impact on addressing women’s needs and interests. Using qualitative research methods and case study design, this article argues that the spiritual church’s legitimacy community’s deep trust to religious institutions including church contributes significantly to the effectiveness of disaster management programs. The church plays crucial role in all stages of disaster not only in providing basic services but also extend to developing social capital which is crucial in the midst of scarcity during disaster. This article argues that religious institution through the application of gender sensitive approaches in providing and serving services also provides room for women to participate and benefits and thus transform gender relations from recovery and rehabilitation programs, thus contribute to a just and sustainable disaster governance.
THEME C: Networks and Partnerships
Expanding and Strengthening Collaboration in Achieving Sustainable Development Goals