Assessing Promoting Factors of Partnerships among Local Governments: Inter-Municipal Collaboration for Sustainable Service Delivery in Japan
Masao Kikuchi (Meiji University)
Inter-municipal collaboration is an important public service delivery reform. Instead of focusing on amalgamating governments, it facilitates functional consolidation of individual services across jurisdictions. Inter municipal collaboration helps small rural municipalities confronting limited resources and capacities. In a metropolitan region, it also helps counteract fragmentation and promote cohesive service delivery within area. With the increase of inter municipal collaboration in the practice, scholars are giving increasing attention to its causes, aspects, and implications of collaboration. Most of the research exploring factors promote inter municipal collaboration are confined in the case of selective states/counties in the U.S. Although the promoting factors are well explored in the these countries, factors of inter municipal cooperation where most of welfare service are provided through local government and the rapid aging society is underway such as in Japan or in Asia is not yet well explained.
The paper tries to analyze the promoting factors of inter municipal collaboration in Japan at each policy area. While Japanese economy have experienced stagnation for decades and population is rapidly aging, inter municipal collaboration is one of the strategies for local government to sustain the services. While the findings are most relevant in Japan, the discussion could be applied anywhere, especially in Asian context, and it could contribute the future discussion how to sustain the services where demands are on increase and resources are scarce.
Krismiyati Tasrin (National Institute of Public Administration)
Pratiwi (National Institute of Public Administration)
Previous studies have showed that Multi-stakeholder Partnership (MSP) is one effective alternative to ensure government innovation sustainability. In building innovative culture, Act 23 of 2014 mandates local government innovation. However, local government often faces challenges in conducting innovation, such as inadequate resources –time, people, money, information, and other tangible supports. By employing case study method, this paper answers CSR model with MSP approach in Bandung City, Indonesia. Bandung is one of most innovative cities in Indonesia which trying to build MSP in innovation implementation through a partnership program known as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) program. This study concluded that CSR program regulated by Bandung City Government has increased participatory level and supported development particularly in environmental and socio-economic sector. The program involves four stakeholders: local government, private sectors, universities, and civil society. Clear agreement about partnership objectives and responsibilities as well as distribution of power among the stakeholders are the most important success factors of the partnership model. While many local governments in Indonesia have similar problem of lacking resources in fully supporting innovation, we can learn from best practices applied in Bandung City.
THEME C: Networks and Partnerships
Expanding and Strengthening Collaboration in Achieving Sustainable Development Goals