Arius Lauren Raposas (University of the Philippines)
The vote is the primary legitimizing tool of democracy, and studying how the vote behaves in such a context would prove helpful to current democratic principles. In addition, the youth of today would be the leaders of tomorrow. This philosophy holds true throughout generations. To help analyze how Filipino democracy works in the national or the local scale, one can begin with the student level. The choice of the University of the Philippines as locale of the study mainly underlines the role played by the premier university in shaping future leaders. Indeed, the university has produced a number of presidents, senators, representatives, among others. In 2014, a study concerning student council elections in the University of the Philippines (UP) began with focus on one of its largest college units, particularly the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy (CSSP). One key factor taken into consideration in this study was voter turnout.
Initially, the study showed that voter turnout is dismal in the college (52% as of 2014). This is despite the fact that in the national setting, voters with college-level education post higher turnouts than those who achieved elementary or high school-level education. With these data accounted, the researcher put into the equation major reasons for not voting (either not casting their vote or voting abstain). After eliminating less plausible reasons by counterchecking with the information available, the study came to the conclusion that voters make the conscious choice of not participating in elections. Beyond this, the researcher also presented possible factors behind non-participation in student elections. In 2016, the data was updated and the scope broadened to cover the entire university. Evidently, voter turnout in the university is even lower than that of CSSP. In turn, the results of the study in 2014 were reinforced in a larger context in 2016. Meanwhile, to test the recommendations made in this study, the researcher attempted to observe them in application to an election in a group of 54 people. With these findings, it is observed that key factors other than politics (such as culture and social media) influence leadership formation in schools, colleges, and universities.
Public Governance and Transformations in Thailand: A Policy Framework towards Sustainable Development
Pairote Pathranarakul (National Institute of Development Administration)
Chaiyanant Panyasiri (Siam University)
Sustainable Development (SD) is a paradigm of maintaining a delicate balance between fulfilling human needs and aspirations and preserving natural resources and ecosystems for our future generations. Nowadays, the United Nations’ seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has been announced as a global-scale effort to create a common set of development goals for every country. As one of leading countries in Asia-pacific, Thailand has recently rolled out nation-wide new development model called “Thailand 4.0” in order to ensure sustainability and global competitiveness of the country. The essential elements of this agenda are focused on a “sustainable growth and development” with long-term vision on security, prosperity, and sustainability. Upon this rationale, the main objectives of this paper are to illustrate the shifting of public administration in Thai public sector towards a more responsive governance model and to provide a policy framework in transforming Thai public sector that enable the country’s stable path to sustainable development. In order to become successful with this agenda of Thailand 4.0 and to comply with the UN’s SDGs of the new millennium, there are certain forms and patterns of new governance concepts for Thailand to be strengthened. In addition, the theoretical discussion in this paper will be exemplified by the real case in current public governance in Thailand.
Jonald Fontanilla Carrera (Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University)
Violence against women is an obstacle to the achievement of the objectives of equality, development and peace. It both violates and impairs or nullifies the enjoyment by women of their human rights and fundamental freedoms. In all societies, to a greater or lesser degree, women and girls are subjected to physical, sexual and psychological abuse that cuts across lines of income, class and culture. The low social and economic status of women can be both a cause and a consequence of this violence. The study aimed to determine the current situation of VAWC cases in the City of San Fernando, La Union using qualitative-quantitative research design. Salient provisions of the said law were the bases in crafting the questionnaire which was the primary data-gathering tool. Findings show that current situation of VAWC in the City of San Fernando includes cases fall both in economic and physical abuse. Anent thereto, the extent of implementation of VAWC Law along the identified areas is moderately implemented. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher concluded that victims were deprived of financial support due to unwarranted circumstances; provisions of VAWC law are given full attention for stricter compliance; and the intervention program gives emphasis on the Commission’s mandate in addressing the needs of the victims.
Theme A: Public Sector Transformations
Institutional and Policy Innovations and Reforms towards Sustainable Development