public transport governance in road public transport franchising in the philippines: persistent challenges and strategic opportunities
Prof. Noriel Christopher C. Tiglao (University of the Philippines)
The enabling law governing the provision of road public transport services in the Philippines is the 1936 Commonwealth Act No. 146, also known as the Public Service Act (PSA). Provisions of this 80-year law is part of the charter of every utility company operating or seeking to operate a franchise. The Public Service Commission (PSC) which had control over all public services restricted public service for only those who possess a valid and subsisting certificate known as “certificate of public convenience” or “certificate of public convenience and necessity”. Subsequently, the functions of the defunct PSC were delegated to administrative agencies. Such delegation of legislative power to an administrative agency is permitted under the Constitution in response to the complexity of governmental regulation and the difficulty of administrating laws. In the case of road public transport, Congress delegated the power to issue certificates of public convenience to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB). The study seeks to trace persistent governance challenges in the franchising of road public transport system based on a multilevel governance perspective. It also seeks to identify emerging opportunities in improving public transport services in view of technological and institutional innovations.
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FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT
e-governance; open data initiatives; data privacy; e-regulation; information access and use; bridging the digital divide; cyber security; etc.