The parallel session tackles human resources development from two fronts: the public sector profession and the academe. It particularly looks into public service motivation and organizational citizenship of today’s public administration practitioners, on one hand, and learning and development of future practitioners, on the other. The session is chaired by Dr. Marlon Sihombing from the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, and features the following presenters: Ms. Hyo Joo Lee, Sungkyunkwan University, Korea; and Dr. Jocelyn C. Cuaresma, National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines, Philippines.
Ms. Hyo Joo Lee’s study, “Korean Public Employees’ Perceptions of Public Organizations,” assessed quantitatively how Korean public organizations maintain an organizational climate that allows for creative behavior and organizational citizenship. Drawing from the tenets of public service motivation (PSM) and stewardship theories, Lee and her colleagues explored the relationship between organizational justice (OJ) and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Theoretical framework used in the study was first validated using reliability tests and component factor analysis (CFA); from hereon, a survey was designed and administered to Korea public sector employees. Results of the survey revealed that, indeed, organizational justice influences creative behavior and OCB. Public sector motivation mediates this relationship. The study is able to prove the assumptions provided by stewardship and social exchange theories, particularly the positive effects of PSM and OJ. Based on these findings, Lee recommended that public sector agencies should have mechanisms that enable transparency and information sharing. She also recommended that PSM principles should be applied in these agencies to motivate employees. Meanwhile, she suggested that future research should look into other components of OJ.
Meanwhile, Dr. Jocelyn Cuaresma walked the audience through the academic programs offered by selected Philippine higher education institutions (HEIs) that could potentially augment public service workforce in the field of climate change mitigation and adaptation. In her presentation, “Climate Change Programs of Six Higher Education Institutions: An Assessment of Accomplishments and Sustainability,” Cuaresma highlighted that HEIs have now begun to mainstream climate change in their respective school curricula. She argued that, despite limited resources, HEIs have been able to implement substantial projects and activities. So far, around 21 state colleges and universities (SUCs) and three private HEIs have established climate change centers, which are the main hub for innovations and collaboration with other stakeholders, including the government. Graduates of these SUCs can also potentially add to the human resources and social capital for climate change programs. However, despite this potential, SUCs are largely untapped at the local level. Based on the assessment, Cuaresma pushed for stronger legislation and financial support on HEIs, as well as linkages with communities. She also suggested that HEIs should be better able to assert their expertise as climate change centers. Finally, she explained that integrating disaster risk management (DRM) components—e.g., research and training—into these programs may also help boost the capacity of these HEIs.