public transport governance in road public transport franchising in the philippines: persistent challenges and strategic opportunities
Prof. Noriel Christopher C. Tiglao (University of the Philippines)
The enabling law governing the provision of road public transport services in the Philippines is the 1936 Commonwealth Act No. 146, also known as the Public Service Act (PSA). Provisions of this 80-year law is part of the charter of every utility company operating or seeking to operate a franchise. The Public Service Commission (PSC) which had control over all public services restricted public service for only those who possess a valid and subsisting certificate known as “certificate of public convenience” or “certificate of public convenience and necessity”. Subsequently, the functions of the defunct PSC were delegated to administrative agencies. Such delegation of legislative power to an administrative agency is permitted under the Constitution in response to the complexity of governmental regulation and the difficulty of administrating laws. In the case of road public transport, Congress delegated the power to issue certificates of public convenience to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB). The study seeks to trace persistent governance challenges in the franchising of road public transport system based on a multilevel governance perspective. It also seeks to identify emerging opportunities in improving public transport services in view of technological and institutional innovations.
Ms. Ishna Amoren, Mr. Billy Cubilan, Ms. Mirjam Tesalona, Mr. Patrick Dahipon (University of the Philippines)
The frustrating transportation system has severely impacted the productivity and work-life balance of the Philippine workforce in general. There also exists an added pressure for the public sector to provide more efficient and effective services. Such factors resulted to the rise of output-based performance evaluation in the public sector and major rethink of the traditional work set up through the adoption of telecommuting or a work-from-home set-up. Telecommuting has recently gained favour from both legislators and citizens as evidenced by the enactment of the Telecommuting Act in the Philippines which is, however, only applicable to the private sector. The objective of this paper is to determine the Philippine bureaucracy’s readiness in adopting a work set-up as radical as telecommuting or work-from-home by answering the following questions: (1) Is the WFH set-up plausible in the Philippine bureaucracy; (2) What type of job functions are applicable for the WFH set-up; and (3) Is the WFH set-up favoured by government employees? The researchers conducted a survey to get government employees’ perspectives that were used to answer these questions. Results analysis revealed that such set-up is favoured by government employees and it is considered applicable to the Philippine bureaucracy but subject to several limitations.
FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT
e-governance; open data initiatives; data privacy; e-regulation; information access and use; bridging the digital divide; cyber security; etc.