PANOS LIVERAKOS, International Journal for Civil Service Reform
A review of Pan Suk Kim and Demetrios Argyriades (Eds), Democratic Governance, Public Administration and Poverty Alleviation: Thematic Discourse and Geographical Cases (Belgium: Editions juridiques Bruylant, 5 September 2015).
SEVERO C. MADRONA, JR., De La Salle University Manila
Public-Private Partnership (PPP) originates from the financial needs of the public sector to provide public goods or services at a high quality level embodying optimal risk allocation between the parties; that is, minimizing cost while realizing project developmental objectives. Asia-Pacific countries have undertaken PPPs to correct the shortfall in investment in infrastructure, which remains an expensive and complex undertaking both in its construction and upkeep. However, PPP projects involve more risks than other traditional procurement because of their complexities. This article appraises the viability of a PPP project undertaken by Pasay City, a highly-urbanized local government unit in Metro Manila. It addresses two questions: (a) why did the City Government of Pasay decide to undertake a reclamation project (costs-benefits of reclamation project) and (b) why did the City Government of Pasay pursue a PPP arrangement in this project? Also, this article contributes to the growing literature on PPPs in the Philippines and the wider Asia-Pacific region.
JOAN T. CARINUGAN, MA. RITA A. REARIO, MELODY E. LIM and MAYBELLE ANOG
One of the claimed advantages of decentralization is that it increases the potential for good governance that can lead to improvement in services for citizens (Smith 1985; Ford 1999; UNDP 2005; Natividad 2005; Turner, Hulme & McCourt 2015). According to theory, decentralization can bring increased accountability and closeness to decision-making. Citizens are able to influence their political leaders and participate in determining resource allocation and the implementation of policies. They can also monitor the performance of government. Various methods have been used to facilitate such citizen participation including citizens’ charters, citizen scorecards for services, and citizen budget monitoring.
Ang Ating Daan (Our Road): E-participation as a Regulatory Mechanism in the Construction of Public Roads and Highways
JODY CRUZ SALAS, National College of Public Administration and Governance University of the Philippines Diliman
The construction of public roads and highways in the Philippines receives large budget allocation and constant attention but is endlessly plagued by delays and low-quality output. Several recommendations were presented to address this and one of them is the use of independent oversight by civil society. There are cases of best practice in some local communities but the formula to sustain it remains elusive. The advent of various information technologies and social media platforms presents new opportunities for oversight. This article explores how to encourage e-participation and institutionalize it as a regulatory mechanism for monitoring the implementation of road construction projects.
Fuzzy Boundaries of Government and Market1 : Insights into Governance Regime of Pension System in East and Southeast Asia
YIFAN YANG, WEIMIN ZHOU, and SIHAN CHE, Southwest Jiaotong University Chengdu, People’s Republic of China
This paper focuses on boundaries of government and market in governance regime of pension systems in East and Southeast Asia. Our findings show that boundaries of government and market in East and Southeast Asian countries are fuzzy, thus, their roles are integrated. Employing the concepts of “regime”, “system”, and “policy” as the framework, this paper conducts a comparative study on the historical development and current public pension systems among Asian countries, including South Korea (hereafter simply “Korea”), Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, China, and Vietnam, so as to find out their core components, functions, and governance regimes, especially the roles exerted by government and market. Overall, many East Asian countries are in a similar developmental state, but their pension system reforms have brought changes in “regime,” “system,” and “policy” in their pension systems. This has changed the roles exerted by government and market. In such an unstable state, the boundaries of government and market which cannot be determined are fuzzy. To achieve the most efficient governance structures for pension system means that both the government and market in Asian countries should bear the responsibility of caring for the elderly, and then play their particular roles in their own fields with the utmost efficiency.
CHOONG-SIK CHUNG, Kyungsung University, South Korea
PAN SUK KIM, Yonsei University, South Korea
After exerting continuous efforts toward e-Government and national informatization, Korea has become one of the world’s e-government leaders, obtaining high scores in the UN’s E-Government Development and E-Participation Indices. In fact, Korea’s ranking on the United Nations’ E-government Development and E-Participation Indices greatly improved, from 15th in 2001 to number one among all UN member states in 2010. The country ranked 1st in 2010, 2012, and 2014. This progression over a relatively short period of time is a rather notable achievement. This study, therefore, investigated the way the Korean government increased its global competitiveness in the area of egovernment. As all related variables could not be examined, the study focused on two issues–namely, national leadership and the development strategies for egovernment initiatives in Korea. Based on the results of the UN E-Government Survey, Korea’s rankings from 2004 to 2014 were reviewed. The Korean Presidents’ leadership and strategies were then considered. The success factors of Korea’s egovernment were shown to include strong political leadership, a clear vision and policy objectives, the project’s strategic priority, and the efficient distribution of resources.